Medical Concerns of Medical Marijuana

Medical cannabis, also known as medical marijuana, is a cannabis and cannabinoids medications that are recommended by doctors for their patients.

With some limited evidence suggesting that cannabis can be used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, reduce chronic pain, muscle spasms and also to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS. Cannabis use as a medicine has not been rigorously tested due to its production restrictions and other governmental regulations that restrict its express use and production.

Having the potential to cause minor to major adverse effects from just a short-term use, medical marijuana has been proven to have some common side effects such as vomiting, hallucinations, feeling retired and dizziness.

It is in the light of such side-effects and other major complications that raises concerns about its use that medical marijuana use and production is restricted in many countries.

To a greater length, a number of medical organizations around the world have requested that cannabis is removed from the list of Schedule I controlled substances. Such medical organizations have their basis of criticism from the regulatory and scientific review. In the same way, The American Academy of Pediatrics is striving ceaselessly against the legalization of medical cannabis.

Mental Effects of Medical Marijuana

Schizophrenia

This is mental effect of Cannabis use especially over a long period of time. Schizophrenia is characterized by a gradual exhibition of abnormal behaviors and a decreased ability to understand reality.

Symptoms common to schizophrenia include confused way of thinking, false beliefs, hearing strange voices that others do not, reduced social engagement, reduced emotional expression, and a lack of motivation to do the needful at a particular time.  

Such people are observed to exhibit other forms of mental imbalance such as anxiety

and depression. Symptoms of schizophrenia usually come gradually, begin into young adulthood, and last almost a lifetime.

Suicidal Behaviours

Preliminary research has shown strong associations between cannabis use and suicidal behaviors such as completed suicide, suicide attempts, and ideation. Such studies show that suicidal behaviors observed from chronic cannabis use at the age of 15 are believed to increase the risk of suicidal attempt at the age of 16–17.

Effects on Cognitive Functioning

Research suggests that continued cannabis use does not really produce severe debilitating impairment of memory, attention and other cognitive functioning.

Typical of this fact is observed after about a month of discontinued use of cannabis, some studies of those who used cannabis chronically demonstrated performance deficits in psychomotor speed, attention, memory, and executive functioning when compared to individuals who did not use cannabis.

Cannabis chronic use effects on these cognitive abilities are generally more subtle than it is found in mental cases. These effects are particularly evident and glaring when cannabis use begins in early adolescence and continues throughout young adulthood.

Inhibition, Impulsivity and Decision Making

An individual’s ability to suppress inappropriate behaviors is a part of normal brain development. Disturbances in inhibitory control have been tied to the initiation and prolonged continuation of problematic substances of which cannabis is a typical example.

Among adults who use cannabis chronically, there are reported performance disturbances demonstrated during various tasks that attempt to assess inhibitory control.