Marijuana originates from the dried blooming tops, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. People have utilized marijuana for many years for fiber, seed oils, seed, medical treatment, and recreationally. There is some evidence that marijuana or a portion of its components, like, CBD may be useful for relieving severe pain, inflammation, nausea, and chronic conditions. However, CBD is only one of the 120 substances found in marijuana.
People have numerous health concerns about the utilization of the drug. Another essential part of marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the key mind-altering substance in marijuana. It acts on specific brain receptors, causing possible mood changes, depression, suicidal thinking, memory issues, and disruption to normal learning abilities. It may also produce dependency. The compound is also known to stimulate appetite and induce a relaxed state, as well as other impacts on the sense of smell, hearing, and eyesight.
The impacts of the 120+ cannabinoids present in cannabis are mostly unknown, but the strongest psychoactive agent recognized to date is THC. When an individual smokes cannabis, THC is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, reaching the brain within minutes. The body absorbs THC all the more gradually when it is eaten, delaying the onset of activity for as long as 2 hours and prolonging the duration of the effect. THC and other cannabinoids in marijuana are similar tocannabinoids produced by the body.
These natural cannabinoids act like neurotransmitters that send chemical messages between nerve cells all through the nervous system. These neurotransmitters affect brain areas engaged with memory, thinking, focus, movement, coordination, sensory and time perception, as well as pleasure. The receptors that react to these cannabinoids also respond to THC, which can modify and upset normal brain function. Some studies have shown that THC affects areas of the brain that control memory creation and attention.
It also disruptsother parts of the brain, adversely affecting balance, posture, coordination, and reaction time. This can make it hazardous for an individual utilizing marijuana to drive a car, operate heavy machinery, or engage in sports or other conceivably risky physical exercises. THC also stimulates specific cannabinoid receptors that increase the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter related to feelings of pleasure. People use marijuana to achieve a feeling of elation, happiness, and relaxation.
Marijuana also produces sensory perception changes; colors may appear to be more brilliant, music more vivid, and feelings more profound. A few people experience feelings of paranoia. When people consume cannabis for recreational purposes, they may experience the following effects:
- changes in perception, due to a slight hallucinogenic effect that can create a distorted illusion of time and space
- mood changes, leading to euphoria, feelings of energy, or a state of relaxation
- nausea, even though some cannabinoids may help reduce nausea
- impairment of concentration and memory
- reduced psychomotor coordination
- reduction in blood pressure
- increase in appetite
- faster breathing
- higher heart rate
Depending upon the length and amount of use, some traces of THC might still be available in an individual’s urine for some months after they last consumed marijuana.
Below are some examples of findings that suggest or demonstrate some of the negative results of consuming marijuana:
- Reduced brain function: Researchers found that regular cannabis users who started before they were 15 years old did not score as well on brain tests as their counterparts who began using cannabis later in life.
- Immune response: Smoking marijuana could eventually suppress the body’s immune system, making the user more susceptible to certain types of cancer and infections.
- Testicular cancer: Frequent or long-term marijuana use may increase the risk of developing testicular cancer, but more evidence is needed to confirm this.
- Psychosis: Research carried out on siblings suggested that long-term marijuana use could increase the risk of developing psychosis in young adults.
- Changes in human DNA: Cannabis smoke damages human DNA in such a way that the user could become more susceptible to developing cancer.
- Impairment of judgment: A person is significantly more likely to crash their car if they drive within 3 hours of smoking marijuana.
- Gum disease risk: Smoking cannabis increases the risk of developing gum disease, regardless of whether the user smokes tobacco.
- Acute memory loss: Smokers of potent cannabis strains may have a higher risk of acute memory loss.
- Reproductive issues: Cannabis use might lead to sexual dysfunction.
Researchers have been investigating the potential advantages of cannabinoids for treating different health conditions. These include autoimmune disease, inflammation, pain, seizure disorders, psychiatric disorders,and substance use disorders, withdrawal, and dependence.
Numerous researchers are investigating the medical capability of cannabidiol, a cannabinoid found in marijuana that doesn’t have psychoactive impacts. In June 2018, after a long procedure of research and clinical preliminaries, the FDA approved the use of CBD to treat two uncommon and serious types of epilepsy that don’t react well to different medications.
The medication is called Epidiolex, and it is a medication that derives from marijuana. It is filtered cannabidiol that doesn’t contain THC. A few people believe that CBD may help relieve the agony and inflammation that occurs with fibromyalgia and arthritis, and possibly for treating anxiety and addiction. A few examinations have exhibited that THC promises treatment of nausea and vomiting, however, its unfavorable impacts may limit its use.
It might have antiemetic qualities that make it helpful for people experiencing chemotherapy or other treatment where sickness can be a symptom. THC may also decrease pain, irritation, sickness, and muscle control issues, but up till now, no prescriptions for these conditions have approval, and more evidence is required to confirm their safety and effectiveness. Some clinical trials have shown indicated that THC has mild/moderatepain-relieving effects and may be helpful for the treatment of headache pain.
Studies show that there are explicit advantages of specific sorts of cannabis use, and the FDA will probably endorse more kinds of marijuana for medicinal applications after some time. In addition toEpidiolex, three different medications have gotten FDA approval: Marinol, Syndros, and Cesamet. These meds contain synthetic substances with a similar structure to THC. They are treatment options for certain kinds of anorexia. Different analysts are looking at the potential for marijuana extracts to target and kill cancer cells, specifically as a treatment alongside radiation treatment.